Beethoven music shaped by gradual deafness, say experts



Composer Ludwig van Beethoven’s gradual deafness may have influenced his compositions, experts have announced. As his hearing got worse, he favoured lower and middle-range notes in his music. An analysis of Beethoven’s music has found that once he became totally deaf, he began to use high notes again.


Researchers say the findings explain Beethoven’s music, which has always been divided into three periods. Researchers from the University of Amsterdam, have found his early quartets used a variety of high notes.


By 1810, when he composed the opus 74 and 95 quartets, the amount of high notes he used dropped significantly, tending towards lower frequency notes. But the higher registers increased again in 1825, when he wrote the late string quartets opus 127 to 135 and it was thought he had become completely deaf.


The report’s author Edoardo Saccenti said"These results suggest that, as deafness progressed, Beethoven tended to use middle and low frequency notes, which he could hear better when music was performed. When he came to rely completely on his inner ear he was no longer compelled to produce music he could actually hear when performed and slowly returned to his inner musical world and earlier composing experiences."



composition:名詞,作曲。例句:At music school I studied piano and composition.(我在音樂學校學鋼琴跟作曲。)

register:名詞,音域。例句:music written mainly for the lower register of the clarinet(主要為單簧管低音域寫的音樂)。

compel:動詞,強迫,強求。例句:As a school boy he was compelled to wear shorts even in winter.(當他是學童時,即使冬天也被強迫要穿短褲。)



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